|JATAM - Mining Advocacy Network|
|Mr. JOKOWI, DONíT SURRENDER NATURAL RESOURCE TO THE MAFIA OF MINING AND ENERGY|
Inauguration of Joko Widodo and Jusuf Kalla (Jokowi - JK) as President and Vice President, still leaves the question, who is going to fill ministerial posts that will help Jokowi - JK next five years. Various predictions and rumors of cabinet Jokowi - JK is currently widely in various media, including a number of names that have been submitted to the Corruption Eradication Commission/KPK and Indonesian Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Center/PPATK.
From a number of outstanding names, whether Jokowi - JK would continue the depravity of natural resources (SDA) governance, which has been controlled by the mining and energy mafia together with the neo-liberals, by handing over the governance of natural resources to the people who are part of the depravity and the mafia.
The changes promised by Jokowi - Jk would be very ironic and disappointing many people, if they still hold parties that caused the management of mining and energy natural resources can not be free from the hands of the mafia, especially the energy sector which concerning the lives of many people. The energy crisis in the corners of the State can not be covered up with the jargon of economic growth. The increase and queuing of fuel becomes a recurrent problem every year. Blackouts, up to 10,211 villages that have not powered, is a portrait of mismanagement and the fact that can not be measured by macro-economic numbers. Ten years leadership of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) has failed to address the basic needs of the Indonesian people of energy.
Portraits of past failures must be addressed together with the appropriate personnel, remembering the chaos of inherited mining and energy governance. Ranging from human rights violations, licensing overlaps with forests, open investment in recklessly, to the creation of high dependence on fossil energy sources so as encourages natural resource extraction massively. The chaotic governance of mining and energy can be seen in various programs and policies initiated by SBY regime, ranging from the Mining and Coal Law, the Fast Track Program, the Low Cost Green Car (LCGC), The Master Plan for Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia's Economic Development(MP3EI), up to mining conflict resolution problem that turned out to get rid lot of communities.
Even the Presidential Work Unit for Development Monitoring and Control (UKP4) formed by SBY also did not escape the red value. Various mining, plantation and forestry conflicts that have been handled by UKP4 have no clear solution until now, as in the case of iron ore mines in Bangka Island of North Sulawesi, for example.
Unfortunately until recently, the names of candidates for the post of Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) still can not be said to have the power of change, which is oriented to the security and recovery of people's living space. From the names that circulate in various versions (KAUR, Indo Barometer, Intrans and names that submitted to KPK) such as Kuntoro, Karen Agustiawan and Effendi Simbolon, with their track record in governance and mining and energy governance, there would be little possibility of improvements in the governance of mining and energy in the future.
President Jokowi must be able to put the responsibility of energy and mining natural resource governance, to the person that has no track record of past failures and part of the mafia. Not merely a pure professional or from political party. But he/she must have integrity and managerial capacity that puts the interests of the people and the nation.
If the character of next Ministry is still “Rake Out-Sale Immediately”, then certainly the mining and energy governance of Jokowi - JK regime will refer only to the Path Dependency which has been created by the previous regime. Borrowing SBY’s jargon campaign in the 2009 election, then there is only the word "Keep Going!" in the governance of mining and energy on the next five years.