|JATAM - Mining Advocacy Network|
|Leave the Mining and Oil-Gas Industry, Strengthen the Maritime and Agrarian Identity|
Press Release of Anti-Mining Day 2014
During the 2014 political year, mining and energy issues back to become a highlight and get a great portion both in media reports or as “commodity” of political parties or politicians. Two coalitions which formed to propose the presidential candidate are competing to offer mining and energy sovereignty program in Indonesia.
But the coalitions’ program that was expected to return the State sovereignty is clearly will only be a sweetener jargon of campaign. In that two coalition carriages, the involvement and intervention of mining and energy mafia that have been plundered natural richness and robbed people’ life space and safety, are very clearly visible.
Surely we still remember what happened on 29 May eight years ago, when Lapindo mud started to gush out and now has flooded 16 villages in Sidoarjo Regency. Until now, the victims of Lapindo mud still fight to restore their rights. Lapindo mudflow has eliminate people’ access to food and economical rights. This is impacted to the increase of women’ burden. Because women, by her gender role is “forced” to thinking about domestic matters in her family.
Aburizal Bakrie (ARB) as a person who also responsible for the tragedy, even now can still do business and politics freely by collaborating his Party to the coalition that brings Prabowo as Presidential candidate. Not only so, ARB even succeeds to absorb National Budget of more than Rp. 7.2 trillion for indemnity cost of Lapindo victim.
It is believed that, if Prabowo wins the Presidential Election, it will be harder to collect that bailout fund. Considering Prabowo’s carriage is congested with the big fish actors of natural resource scraper, besides Prabowo himself and ARB, also there are Harry Tanoe, Sandiaga Uno, and Setya Novanto.
Even in Jokowi’s carriage, not escaped from the involvement of mining and energy scraper, from Luhut Panjaitan as a supporter, to the internal figure of Political Parties poles such as Surya Paloh, Effendi Simbolon, and Jusuf Kalla.
In reality, mining and oil-gas industries are monster which threatens people sustainability especially around mining area. The loss of life space, poverty, human rights violence, the damage of ecological function, and cosy nest for corruption are trace amounts of real pictures in mining and oil-gas industries. Unfortunately, these extractive and destructive industries even claimed as the capital of development and source of foreign exchange for the nation.
Mining only make Indonesia sea become a trash can for tailing waste as PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara do since 2002 and permit to dispose the tailing waste has been extended to 2016 (previously 2011) which is around 54.020.000 tonnes of tailing will be disposed every year. Mining also destroys the beautiful small islands as has happened to Bangka Island-North Sulawesi, Bangka-Belitung Islands, Nipah Island, and other small islands that has been destroyed.
The helter-skelter of mining and energy management also has big share in the budgeting politics of the government. No wonder that the government’s pessimism in setting tax ratio of 12.6% of Gross National Product (PDB) has caused 27% of State Expenditure should be imposed upon Non-Tax State Revenue (PNBP) for the last four years. Whereas on the last 2013, about 50.2% of PNBP is received from mining and oil-gas exploitation activity. So, no wonder that this budgeting trend that keeps recurring annually has pushed massive mining and energy exploitation with anargument of balancing the State Budget (APBN), and surely by sacrificing people’s safety and life space.
Since reform era, Indonesia claimed as a country which respect the democracy. During its progress, democracy is no more than an industry. The power seizure and entrenchment always involving the economic power that comes from the businessmen. The mining businessmen who involved and became part of politics, has pushed mining resources as a capital in grabbing and entrenching the political power. No wonder, the old strategy of green or sustainable mining campaign used by the politicians who so far gain the benefit from mining industry, in legal or illegal way. In other words, mining industry management nowadays is a political money machine of life destroyer.
Therefore in the future, Indonesia Government should be brave to take a firm step to clean up the government, both in the cabinet and other state institutions, from the involvement and intervention of mining and energy mafia. Surely this is the main thing that needs to be done, considering the imperative to take an innovative step to leave mining and oil-gas extraction as the pillar of development and economy.
Not only clean up the Government and the state institution from mining and energy mafia, the Government should also dare to embed Maritime and Agricultural Country as the State Identity. Mining and energy industries are not sustainable, meanwhile most of Indonesia people depend on the sector that the source is never depleted.
In the energy production and consumption governance even the Government in the future should also take the innovative leap to reduce and stop the addiction of fossil energy. The Government is not supposed to see energy sector only as business commodity. Energy source is an asset to people’s productivity, so that people should get wider and open access for the people’s economy, education, and health assurance.
Indonesia compliance of debt scheme, both bilateral and multilateral, including investment has plunged Indonesia into the trap of production and export numbers. The Government must be able to guarantee the termination of cooperation or investment agreement that based on production and export-oriented. Improvement in policy and institutional sector also important to ensure that all the state institutions aren’t running singly which creating programs contradiction that does not support each other, to actualize National Energy Sovereignty.
Beside that, the Government also should be firm to force the responsible party to recover the environment as a prove of a wrong choice of extractive economy. Also to open space as possible to restructure and reshuffle the governance of public sectors in order to be able to ensure the safety, security, productivity, and recovery of the people as well as the sustainability of ecological function.
The Government should encourage the productivity of agriculture, fishery, and tourism, not encourage the land-based industry such as mining which is not relevant to people’s daily needs. By ending the extraction of mining resource and make it as the last resort, it will also reduce the threat of people’s safety.
Anti Mining Day, 29 May 2014
Mining Advocacy Network (JATAM), Indonesian Forum for Environment (Walhi), Women Solidarity/Solidaritas Perempuan, People’s Coalition for Fisheries (KIARA), Indonesian Forum for Budget Transparancy (FITRA), Greenpeace, National Students’ League for Democracy (LMND), Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (Kontras), Indonesia Center for Environmental Law (Icel)
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