|JATAM - Mining Advocacy Network|
|ANTI MINING DAY (HATAM) 2014|
CALLS FOR ACTION 29 MAY 2014
The Improvement of Mining and Energy Governance;
Make Mining and Energy Industries As A Last Resort.
Mining industry has become a monster source of the destruction of people’s life sustainability particularly in mining area. The industry that was placed as the spearhead of development and foreign exchange, is in fact a real threat for people’s safety and recovered productivity, also natural functions sustainability.
In 2013, the number of conflicts that happened has sharply increased than previous years. Throughout 2013, there were 369 cases with conflict widespread areas of 1.281.660,09 hectares, involving 139.874 head of households (KK). Incisively increased than previous year, in 2012 the number of conflicts as much as 198 cases or increased as much as 86,36%. And in the last 6 years, noted that 13 people died, 125 people were injured, and 234 people were arrested because of mining conflict.
Many problem commitments still remain unresolved. The problem not only done by the foreign investors, but also local and national businessmen. Such as the case of Lapindo Mudflow, mining case in Mandailing Natal, shooting case in Tiaka-Central Sulawesi, or Buyat Bay pollution. Some of the cases even gone off hand.
Until now, Lapindo’s victim still continues to fight for their human rights. Lapindo Mudflow have inundated rice fields and irrigation canals, gave an impact on the loss access of food and economic rights of the community. This resulted in the mounting of women’s burden. Because the women, with their gender role, have been “forced” to think about domestic matters in the family.
Women are more vulnerable than men when mining entered into one region. Environmental pollution, make women vulnerable to health problems, including ISPA(Acute Respiratory Infection), skin disease, and reproductive health. Mining has also triggered the existence of prostitution in mining areas. The negative impact that experienced by women is a form of the absence of women’s rights protection in natural resource management.
The ignorance of people’s veto rights in mining area also a basic problem in an upstream sector. A Decision Letter of Mining Zoning (WP) which released by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) in July 2013 until February 2014, has ignored people’s rights of participation which protected by the constitution and has also ignored transparency principle in administering a fair, clean, and corruption-free government. Cancellation to the seven Decisions of ESDM Ministry related to Mining Zoning must do immediately because it made unilaterally by the government.
Around 44% of Indonesia territory has been plotted by mining industry. More than 11.000 mining and oil-gas permits has been released both by local and national government. Those numbers in fact only contribute on average of 25-27% of the total state revenue. Meanwhile, environmental or disaster recovery cost that impacted by mining activities must be borne by the state.
A profanity of mining and energy management also play a major rule in the government budget politics. So it is not surprising that government’s pessimism in determining the tax ratio in an amount of 12,6% of Gross Domestic Product (PDB), has resulted in 27% of State expenditure that must be charged to the Non-Tax State Revenues (PNBP) over the last four years. In fact, about 97% of PNBP received from mining and oil-gas exploitation activity, as mentioned in the 2014 State Budget that reached Rp. 198 trillion. It is not surprising that this budget trend which repeated every year, has pushed a massive mining and energy exploitation with the argument of the State Budget and Expenditure balancing, of course at the expense of people’s life space and safety.
Unfortunately, the rising problem complexity, not being a consideration for the government especially the two candidates for president and vice president in 2014 Election. The two couples, Jokowi - Jusuf Kalla and Prabowo - Hatta, still makes mining industry become a base part of Indonesia economic development in the future.
The long mining history in Indonesia, would make Indonesia less sovereign on the economy, law, and politics. There is one way to restore the nation’s sovereignty, “Stop All Mining Operation and Planning.” Enough with the terrible record caused by mining, just make mining as a history in the course of this nation’s future. The momentum of Lapindo Mudflow that happened on 29 May, eight years ago, should be a terrible record of mining industry in Indonesia.
We call on all Indonesian people, who cares to the people’s security from the grip of mining industry, to give solidarity to the victim of Lapindo Mudflow and other mining cases in all over Indonesia, to join the action on 29 May 2014
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